Mākāhā Dipytch, giclee print by Carol Araki Wyban.
Top: The Ancient Mākāhā:
The leap from trapping fish to growing fish was made centuries ago. Aquaculture came through innovation. The Mākāhā is the technological innovation of the fishpond. It consists of lashed poles on a stationary gate and a channel connecting the pond to the sea. This channel is called the auwai kai. The Mākāhā serves three purposes: water circulation and aeration of the fishpond, natural stocking of fingerling fish attracted to the diatom enriched pond water and harvest of fish attracted to the flow of water. Fish must go to the open sea to reproduce. During spawning season the auwai is filled with fish where they can be caught by hand or net.
Bottom: The Post-European Contact Mākāhā:
The availability of new materials such as screen and metal fixtures resulted in more innovation. fishponds became more manageable and efficient. Circulation and pond inflows and outflows can be controlled. Stocking could be selective and quantities of unwanted predators can be eliminated. Harves is efficient. During spawning season, the inner gate is raised at high tide. The fish rush into the channel in a matter of a few minutes, the auwai is full of fish. The gate is slammed and large quantities of fish are easily trapped. Continuous harvesting and stocking renews the life of the fishpond. This design is based on Lokoea fishpond’s main Mākāhā, where the artist, Carol Araki Wyban and husband Jim spent many early mornings catching fish.
Dimensions: 14″ x 18″ Double Mat; two images in one mat; Framed 14.5″ x 18.5″
To learn more about Carol and her artistic process visit her bio page here.